S516-history and types of HCI

The two articles of 4th week varied from each other, even though they both talked about the history and different types of HIC.

Dourish’s article is more focus on the theoretical foundations. In this article I found the HCI theories go hand in hand with human cognitive process. There is a “dual-code model” in Cognitivism. According to the dual system view (Paivio, 1971, 1986, 1991) there are two systems of memory representation, one if for verbal information and the other for nonverbal information, which is images. This is similar like “graphical interaction”, because graphical interaction also opens two-dimensional space. One is traditional textual interaction (verbal information) and the other is graphical interaction(nonverbal information). Another part I am amazed is Grudin’s definition of interaction-“interaction should incorporate more and more users in the world today and social setting where users are embedded”. Even he proposed it decades ago, it still suitable for today’s HIC.

Miller and Johnson’s article used a true story to tell the development of HCI. I am intrigued by this story and each time I read this article, it reminds me of the Pixar animation studio, and I think Pixar also has the same reasons why they stand out from other animation studio, first they incorporate some advanced experience, second they have strong commitment to put lot of efforts (usually it takes 1 or 2 years to produce a cartoon movie, you can imagine how much effort they put), third they conduct lots of trial and run before the cartoon released. But the difference between Pixar and Star are that, they have the right population (like Toy 3 attracts both young kids and adults), what’s more they also pay attention to the industry trends (they kind of the leader of these trends). And they always kept the innovative and adventurous spirit (like the Wall-E, this movie set up the background in the 700 years later outer space and the main character is a robot who cannot speak). So there is a lot efforts to take to be successful.

1. Miller, L., & Johnson, J. (1996). The Xerox Star: An influential user interface design. In
Rudisill, M. et al. (1995). (Editor).,Human‐computer Interface design : Success stories,
emerging methods, and real‐World context. 70‐100.
2. Dourish, P. (2001). History of interaction. In Where the action is: The foundations of
embodied interaction. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.


To be Ethical or not to be Ethical, that is the question

Yesterday was really a busy day for me, from 9:30am to 9:30pm I spent my entire day in School Of Education, 3 courses that I took, for all kinds of reason, all happened to be held on that day. However, it is also a mind-working day for my brain compared to my summer holidays.

And the interesting part is that, 2 coursed-Inquiry Method and Cognition Psychology that I took all happen to referred to ethical issue, and we even had a discussion for Ethical Profession in the Inquiry Method class. We were required to discuss our impression about our understanding of “research”. Actually I was impressed by a PHD Student who is from Cairo, she use an graphic to describe her understanding of research.

Perhaps I need more explanation about this graphic, here the research is like a house, the ethical profession is the foundation, without basic ethical consent, it is hard to imagine what consequences will be resulted in. Here is fewer examples from past.
1. http://old.news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20110830/ap_on_he_me/us_med_experiments_on_humans_1
This is U.S. medical experiments done in Guatemala in the 1940s. I learned a new expression from this example "chillingly egregious."
2. http://www.highestfive.com/mind/5-unethical-psych-experiments/
This is 5 unethical experiments in Psychology field.

Process (Pillars)
Actually, this is the process I copied from Creswell text book.

External Context (roof)

This part mainly described the pressures that stop you from researching, because life is not all about research, you might be found bogged in sending your children to school, or some terrible weather (like the Hurricane, Snow storm.)

So research is not merely about research, ethical issues and external factors will also need to be considered in your process of researching.

Anyway, I feel this graphic is thoughtful, so post here~


Final Project

Been a part of 685 has broadened my horizon; it is a process that full of diversity, collaboration and creativity. That’s the reason why we choose our final project as a youtube video. But the process is not as easy as I thought.
Our original idea about video is not using blog as main plot for the whole story. At first we plan to use a plot that 2 friends are talking with each other, they shared about their online learning experience. And we have already found our main actors and have shot some scenes, but as think about more carefully, we realize it is much better for us to use blog to tell the story. When thinking about “what is a blog”, we come up with several metaphors, including dairy, newspaper, magazine, journal, etc. Metaphors are interesting and vivid to represent the meaning of a certain term. Then we decided to use 4 scenes to conclude what we have learned in this class.
1. Online course
In recent days, more and more people are choosing online course, among those people, there is great percentage of on-campus students. It is really a new experience to me, but I do enjoy the process. When we are creating our video, we tried our best to reflect what is truly in our heads, so we also contains some obstacles that we meet during this process. One of the articles in week 10 compares the engagement of distance learners in education practices with that of their campus-based counterparts. What is described in this article conforms to our own experiences. Distance learners tend to experience “higher levels of academic challenge and reflective thinking, gain more in terms of practical competence and in personal and social development“, interact more with faculty, and participate more in leaning communities and independent study (Chen, Gonyea, & Kuh, 2008). So sometimes we feel a lack of confidence and thus lack the courage to perform ourselves. Fortunately the situation changes with more communication and participation.
2. We really appreciate all those convenience that high technologies bring us about. With various social networks, we can make friends with our group members; even we never meet with each other. We shared photos and videos in our personal homepage and we even can have a synchronous chatting with them.
3. Except for those social networks, there are other places that we can conduct our group activities. We can edit on the same files even though we are miles apart. We can also create some books despite time difference. What we are trying to say is technology made group work more effective.
4. I remembered Olgun shared his opinion about OER in class with us, which are “if we exchange our ideas, then we will have more ideas”. Shuya and I both have a strong fondness about “gift culture”. Some people will say that culture difference will cause violence or misunderstanding, but if we all be patient, listen to other’s perspective, it is a gift or even bliss from god.

Reference: Chen, P., R. Gonyea, and G. Kuh (2008). Learning at a distance: Engaged or not?.
Innovate 4(3). Retrieved on June 25, 2010, from

Wiki Week(2)

It was such a great night that Dr Bonk introduce 2 guest speakers to our class to share their research work about Wikibooks in different areas. One is in higher education, one is in K-12, and the last one is from business field!
Actually I never heard about Wikibooks before, and I was so amazed found that we can all be writers for In short, it is the creation of free content textbooks and annotated texts that anyone can edit (See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikibooks). Even though it is free content, you cannot simply put whatever you want. Academic research is required when you are contributing to Wikibooks. During the process of researching and writing, learners make meanings of the information and construct their own knowledge, together with group members.
Another aspect is that I remembered an article that I read this week; it shows a data that university students are more likely to use Wikipedia at first to look some resource, but when they tend to get rid of Wikipedia later.

Is google making us Stupid?

Actually I read this article in the beginning of this semester. However that that time I was assigned with another article which wrote by Clay Shirky, in that article, Clay Shirky is so optimistic about internet, he come up with an definition of “cognitive surplus".

And in my first blog, I just wrote “it described a tremendous power which come from the spare time like the time people were couch potatoes, by using the trillion time people spend on tv into the internet field people can build a better and more cooperate world, because we can create more humane internet environment which will help us save time in the long future”.
And at that time, I was really a negative person towards high technologies; I am really a low efficiency person when I have to face computers all day long. But my opinions slightly changed this semester. I tried to adapt myself to reading online. Because I have a lot of group work this semester, and the best way for us communicate is through emails, I have to download their files and read it on my computer, soon I if you get used to work on computer, you can think more criticlally.

Therefore, now I changed my minds, I think google provides us with a really cool resource, and if we use properly, we can be really smart!

Nicholas Carr (2008, July/August). Is Google Making Us Stupid? Atlantic Monthly. Retrieved on June 25, 2010, from http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200807/google